Confronting scarcity : managing water, energy,land for inclusive and sustainable development
It is becoming ever more diffi cult to provide universal access to water and energy and achieve food security in a
sustainable way. Close to 1 billion people are undernourished, 0.9 billion lack access to safe water and 1.5 billion have no source
of electricity. Improved governance of water, energy and land will play a vital role in achieving the Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs). At the same time the context in which resources need to be managed is changing rapidly. Many life-supporting natural
resources are increasing in scarcity. There is now incontrovertible evidence that some planetary boundaries are being reached or
transgressed. Problems include greenhouse gas (GhG) concentrations in the atmosphere, freshwater availability, land-use change
and biodiversity losses.
This Report focuses on water, energy and land. It examines the constraints on each, the interrelationships between them and
then considers how they can be managed together to promote growth in developing countries that is both socially inclusive and
environmentally sustainable. A rising world population and global economic growth place new pressures on natural resources.
The demand for energy and water is expected to grow by 40% and for food by 50% by 2030 compared to present levels. In an
interconnected world, these pressures are exacerbated when solutions to resource constraints in one area place additional strains
on another. Expanding the provision of biofuels, for example, can contribute to pressures on both land and water (Figure 1).
Countries pursuing food security at home have acquired land overseas, sometimes at the expense of access to land and water by
existing communities. …. more at http://erd-report.eu/erd/report_2011/documents/erd_report%202011_en_lowdef.pdf